Fort Conde Charlotte House

Fort Conde Charlotte House
Fort Conde Charlotte House served as the first jail in Mobile. In this rear view photograph you can see broken-glass bottle shards on top of the wall.

Fort Conde Charlotte House

Fort Conde Charlotte House
During the time of French rule, a wooden fort named Fort Louis de la Mobile was built in 1711 on what is now called Church Street. In 1717 the wood was replaced with brick and stone, and it was renamed Fort Conde in 1720. In 1763 the British acquired Mobile by the Treaty of Paris; they renamed the facility Fort Charlotte after the queen of England.

Chirst Church, Mobile

Christ Church
Established in 1823 Christ Church is the first Episcopal church in Mobile. The current building (shown here) on Church Street was built in 1835.


The "Bee Hive" Church
This was the first Methodist church built in Mobile. Located on Franklin Street in 1826, it was first built of wood. In 1890 a new building was built of brick at its present site on Government Street. It is called the "Bee Hive" because it sent "swarms" of its members throughout the city to form new congregations.

Oakleigh Mansion

Oakleigh Mansion
James Roper built this house in 1833. It was named Oakleigh for the stately oak trees around it. This antebellum (meaning before the Civil War) home is now operated as a museum by the Historic Mobile Preservation Society. It gives us a partial view of what life was like in Mobile during the nineteenth century.

Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad Station

Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad Station
During the 1890s railroads began to replace river commerce. The Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad was an important railroad line in Mobile.

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<b>The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception</b><br>
In 1833 Claude Beroujon drew the plans for the first 
Catholic cathedral in Alabama.  The building was completed in 1850, and consecrated by Bishop Portier.

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<b>Ketchum House</b><br>
Built to be the town mansion of W.H. Ketchum, Union Army General, E.R.S. Canby used the house as his headquarters.  Since 1906 the house has served as the cathedral rectory for the Archbishop of Mobile.

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Home of Raphael Semmes
This house, located on Government Street, was a gift from the people of Mobile to Admiral Semmes. Admired by many, Semmes was best known as the commander of the Confederate States Ship Alabama.

The <i>Hunley</i>

The Hunley
The C.S.S. Hunley was designed and built during the Civil War by Horace L. Hunley in Mobile. It was the first submarine to sink a surface ship in warfare. This photograph, taken at the The Museum of Mobile, is of a reproduction of The Hunley.

Saenger Theater

Saenger Theater
The Saenger Theater was built in 1927 by brothers Julian and A.D. Saenger of New Orleans. It was one of the first air-conditioned buildings in Mobile. Going there to watch motion pictures was a favorite entertainment during the early 20th century.


Updated: February 28, 2007
Alabama Department of Archives & History
624 Washington Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36130-0100
Phone: (334) 242-4435