Alabama Mosaic website is the Web site for The Cornerstone Project, a collaborative initiative funded by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) and administered by the Network of Alabama Academic Libraries (NAAL).
Its purpose is to make unique historical treasures from Alabama's archives, libraries, museums, and other repositories electronically accessible to Alabama residents as well as scholars throughout the world.

ADAH Photo database
This photo database contains images which have been requested by patrons since 2001. The photographs have been scanned and added to the database with thumbnail images. This database does not include all images in the ADAH collections. For best results, please use Internet Explorer for your web browser.
ADAH WWI Goldstar files
This database is being developed from the Gold Star files of World War I Alabama service people who died during the war. The name "Gold Star" was derived from the gold stars awarded to mothers of service people who lost their lives.
H. C. Nixon, Responses to Questionnaire on Slavery, LPR91
Responses, 1912-1913, to a questionnaire H.C. Nixon prepared and distributed in 1912 while researching slavery in Ala. The questionnaire solicited information on slavesí housing, clothing, food, employment, family life, education, entertainment, religion, morality, treatment by their owners, escapes, punishment, emancipation, and relationships and attitudes toward free Negroes and nonslaveholding whites. The majority of respondents are former slaveholders. One, M.T. McCann of East Lake, Ala., was a former slave.
H. C. Nixon, Responses to Questionnaire on Slavery, LPR91H. C. Nixon, Responses to Questionnaire on Slavery, LPR91
H. C. Nixon, Responses to Questionnaire on Slavery, LPR91 James A. Tait Memorandum Book, Tait Family Papers, LPR35
The Tait family occupied a prominent place in Ala. politics and agriculture in the 1817-1880 period. In 1817, James A. Tait and his family moved into Wilcox County, Ala. He soon was followed by his father, Charles Tait, a former U.S. Senator from Ga., who became the first U.S. judge for the Ala. district, 1820-1826.
"Regulations for the Sickly Season," James A. Tait Memorandum Book, Tait Family Papers, LPR35

Contains notations on various topics, including shipping costs, cotton accounts, slave purchases, and genealogy of Afro-Americans. Financial records are interesting and detailed, especially the accounts and larger receipts, and the steamboat accounts and receipts. In those accounts are reflected Taitís business transactions, especially the shipping and selling of his cotton crop through cotton brokers.

"Lurleen Burns Wallace: From Childhood to Alabama's Governor"
An online photo exhibit of Alabama Governor Lurleen B. Wallace.
Alabama Sovereignty Commission, Photos of the Selma-to-Montgomery March
This collection consists of copies of thirty photographs of the Selma to Montgomery Rights March in March 1965. The photographs include scenes of marchers in route to Montgomery, police brutality, and Martin Luther King, Jr., leading marchers down a city street in Montgomery.
Governor George C. Wallace's "Stand in the Schoolhouse Door" Speech

On June 11, 1963, Alabama's Governor George Wallace came to national prominence when he kept a campaign pledge to stand in the schoolhouse door to block integration of Alabama public schools. Governor Wallace read this proclamation when he first stood in the door-way to block the attempt of two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, to register at the University of Alabama.

Governor George C. Wallace's 1963 Inaugural Address
The text of Wallace's famous "Segregation now. . . segregation forever" speech.
Samuel Manac deposition
Sam Manac was a Creek Indian warrior of Alabama and a plantation owner on the Tombigbee River. In the deposition Manac (alternate spelling, McNac) discussed the council held at Tuckabatchee, Ala., led by Tecumseh in October and November of 1812, as an ally of the British. The British attempted to cause an uprising in the Old Southwest, in which both the Indians and the British would prosper at the expense of the Americans.
Harry Toulmin letter, 1813
Harry Toulmin was born 1766 Apr. 7, in Taunton, England, and came to the U.S. in 1793. In 1804 he was appointed judge of the Superior Court of the Miss. Territory by President Thomas Jefferson.
Toulmin discussed the Creek uprising at Pensacola, Fla., including their stealing the mail and killing the postriderís horse, the attempt by the Creeks to obtain guns and ammunition from the British in Fla., the testimony of Samuel Manac that the Creeks plan a general uprising in Ala. to throw out the whites. He also mentions the expedition led by Col. James Caller against the Creeks, and the necessity of reinforcements to help protect not only the fort, but to protect the Tensaw settlement in Baldwin Co., Ala.
Map of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend

Leonard Tarrant was an officer during the Creek Indian War of 1813-1814. The map of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend was made for Captain Tarrant after the battle when the Creeks had been defeated. The map shows the position of the United States forces and the opposing Creek Indians in the bend along the Tallapoosa River for which the battle was named. The map also shows the location of the Creeks' fortifications in the bend and the positions taken during the battle by General Andrew Jackson's forces.

Amos Jones' oath of allegiance, 1865

Two oaths of allegiance, 1865, issued to Amos Jones of Montgomery County, Ala., when he swore allegiance to the U.S. government at the end of the Civil War.

An Act Regulating Indian Affairs, January 1836
Response of Oakfuskee tribe to the proclamation of Gov. [Clement C.] Clay, May 30, 1836 Voucher for Governor William Wyatt Bibb's First Quarter Salary, 1819 World War I Petition against sending men to war, 1917
W. A. Powell letter, 1824

W.A. Powell was a resident of Franklin Co., Ala. Letter, 1824 July 12, Tuscumbia, Franklin Co., Ala., from W.A. Powell to his brother, Thomas W. Powell. W.A. Powell informs his brother that he is now living at the foot of Muscle Shoals and a few miles from Tuscumbia and Florence. He mentions that the Chickasaw Indians are a few miles west. In addition, he states that the area is full of game and fish, the soil rich enough for the growth of cotton, and there is an abundance of land upon which to settle.

Front page of The Meteor, 1872

The Meteor was written, printed, and published by the patients of Bryce Hospital. Its original purpose was for the benefit of the patients and to explain the practical operation of the institution to its patrons. Later, it intended to inform the friends and patrons of the hospital, state newspaper editors, and state legislators of the conditions and purposes of the Hospital. It was designed to provide something for everybody.

Mateo Gonzales Manrique, Governor of Spanish West Florida, Letter, 15 Nov 1813

Governor of Spanish West Florida, 1813-1815. Letter, 1813 Nov. 15, from Manrique in Pensacola, Fla. to "My friend and Brother" [Indian warrior]. Concerns the Indian tribeís request for food and supplies from the Spanish. Also mentions a runaway slave.

Dr. Neal Smith letter, 1813

Neal Smith was a physician and planter. Letter, 1813 Jan. 8, St. Stephens, Miss. Territory, from Neal Smith to James Smiley. Discusses the fall of Fort Mims and General Claiborneís battle with the Creek Nation at a place called Holy Ground, Miss. Territory.

Adam James letter, 1813

James was a Scotsman living in the Choctaw nation in what is now Noxubee Co., Miss. Letter, 1813 Nov. 29, from James, on the Tombigbee River. It is addressed "to the head Chiefs in the Creek nation" whom he addresses as "Dear Brothers." James accuses the Creeks of stealing some of his horses. He also mentions that the Choctaws want to be at peace with the Creeks despite the fact that Tushimatchah has joined the Americans.

Canoe Battle manuscript, by Jeremiah Austill

Jeremiah Austill was a pioneer. He was born in S.C. and came to Clarke Co., Ala., with his father in 1813. He participated in many Indian battles. Manuscript (4 pp.) entitled, "The Canoe Battle", written by Jeremiah Austill. The manuscript discusses an expedition upon the Alabama River led by Capt. Samuel Dale who was later joined by Capt. Jones. Upon reaching Randonís Creek, Dale and Jones were met by a party of Indians in canoes, subsequently a battle took place.

State Council of Defense, Victory Garden poster, 1945

The Alabama State Council of Defense was created on 1941 Jan. 3 by an executive order of Governor Frank M. Dixon to unify defense activities in the state, which included: agricultural resources and production; industrial resources and production; human resources and skills; housing, works, and facilities; civilian protection; civilian aviation; consumer interests; military affairs; conservation; education; welfare; and health.

World War II "Blackout" PassWorld War II -- Alabama War Chest Poster
World War II -- Spangler cartoon -- Scrap Evolution
Frank M. Spangler (1881-1946) and Frank M. Spangler (1914- ), whose pseudonym was Spang, were political cartoonists for the Montgomery Advertiser (Ala.). The cartoons, numbering several hundred, make political commentary about Montgomery and Alabama politics, local government, World War II, the economy, education, and roads.
World War II Aliceville Prisoner of War Camp

During World War II the Aliceville Internment Camp contained 6,000 German prisoners of war. The camp received its first prisoners in 1942 and closed in 1945. The majority of prisoners were captured in 1943 from Gen. Erwin Rommelís Afrika Korps. The photographs and sketches offer an intriguing view of German prisoner culture, the Americans that guarded them, World War II Germany, and also documents the conditions of an internment camp. The scrapbook gives a unique perspective on a prisoner of war camp.

"Hank Wiliams, Sr,: A Look Back"

An online photo exhibit of Country music legend Hank Williams.

"Nicola Marschall: Artist of the Deep South"
The nineteenth century Prussian-born artist Nicola Marschall came to Marion, Alabama, in the mid-nineteenth century. There, Marschall was commissioned to paint the portraits of members of surrounding communities. The lives of his sitters reflect the time and place in which they lived.
Alabama's 1833 Slave Code Alabama's 1852 Slave Code
Talladega College Historical Collections GuideTalladega College Photograph GuideTalladega College Private Collections Guide

Updated: December 16, 2004
Alabama Department of Archives & History
624 Washington Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36130-0100
Phone: (334) 242-4435