June 2, 1943
June 1, 1956
June 3, 1898
June 5, 1956
This Week in Alabama History
May 31 - June 6
Aliceville's World War II prisoner-of-war camp receives its first contingent of captured German soldiers. By the end of the week, Aliceville housed 3,000 prisoners. Nearly 5,000 POWs eventually would be imprisoned in the facility, the largest of four such camps in Alabama.
Other Events this Week
The NAACP is barred from operating in Alabama. Montgomery County Circuit Judge Walter B. Jones issued the order at the request of Attorney General John Patterson, who argued that the NAACP was not properly registered in the state. Jones also fined the organization $100,000 and ordered it to turn over its records and membership lists to the state. The ban lasted until October 1964.
Richmond Pearson Hobson of Greensboro becomes a naval hero when he sinks his own ship, the Merrimac, during the Spanish-American War. Hobson, aided by a crew of seven, sank the collier in an attempt to block the Spanish fleet in Cuba's Santiago harbor. For this act of bravery, Hobson was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1933.
During a mass meeting at Birmingham's Sardis Baptist Church, Fred Shuttlesworth and other local black ministers establish the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR). Founded in response to the State of Alabama's recent ban on the NAACP which lasted eight years, ACMHR was central to the civil rights movement in Birmingham.
Listen: Click the play button below to hear Archives Staff discuss this event on Alabama Public Radio.